ACA Timber values Latvian wood, and we are ready to reveal its unique properties to the whole world. ACA timber provides logistics and trades with round wood and wood by-products in Latvia and abroad.
ACA Timber is a recognizable and experienced company that provides the customer with the necessary assortment according to the customer’s specifications and quality requirements. ACA Timber is a company that is able to adapt to the customer’s needs and provide the most professional working conditions.
Assortments of round wood can be classified according to different characteristics: tree species, diameter, length, wood quality and further processing.
Sawlogs are actively purchased by sawmils in Latvia and abroad. Sawlogs have various diameters and lengths. The bark is peeled off to be used as raw material for further processing. Saw logs are logs that are processed into sawn timber. In the cutting process, wood by-prodicts are made – wood chips, bark or sawdust.
Pine and spruce saw logs is the most valuable raw material that is made from wood. The most valuable assortment is the class A (elite class) saw log. ACA timber has proven its trust and ability to supply a high quality A and B assortments to several sawmills in Europe.
Class A – high quality straight, thick, branchless saw logs for the production of furniture and joinery.
Class B – high quality sawlogs with medium-sized healthy, fused branches. Used for the production of floorboards, finishing boards, also in carpentry and furniture.
Class C – sawlogs with significant size of whole and dead branches used in constructions (rafters, beams, uprights, etc.).
Class D – low quality sawlogs for the production of containers and pallets.
Birch veneer blocks
The Birch veneer block is just as important and demanding of quality like saw logs. Birch is one of the leading tree species in Latvia’s forest stands, occupying approximately 29% of Latvia’s total forest area.
Birch veneer logs are a very valuable assortment that cannot be damaged. This assortment must be freshly sawn, without loose branches, dry sides or rots. Birch veneer logs are sent to veneer log factories. In these factories, birch veneer logs are processed and peeled to form birch plywood, and later used in the production of furniture, parquet and boards.
Veneer is one of the most widely used board materials in the world, so the demand is consistently high.
Veneer is a thin layer of peeled or chipped wood sheets. Peeled veneer is used for the production of plywood and bent glued parts. During peeling, birch veneer blocks are cut in a plane parallel to the wood fibers. The cutting direction is perpendicular to the direction of the wood fibers. The birch veneer blocks rotate while the blade moves in the direction of the axis of rotation.
Pulpwood is one of Latvia’s export products that is in high demand in foreign markets. Pulp, which is needed for paper production, is obtained from pulpwood.
Pulpwood uses thin wood from thinings, parts of the top of the trunk, as well as crumbled, curved, branched or cracked wood from other parts of the trunk, which is not suitable for veneer logs and sawlogs. Pulpwood is made of spruce, pine, birch or aspen wood.
Pulp contains about 50% cellulose, while the rest of the wood is made up of lignin, resin and minerals.
Requirements: strict compliance with quality requirements – pulpwood is delivered in a standard length of 3 m, diameter without bark:
- 6-60 cm for birch and conifers
- 6–45 cm Aspen.
ACA timber supplies its customers in Europe every month with pulpwood deliveries. Pulpwood as an assortment is the most demanded and popular assortment in the list of ACA Timber customers. ACA Timber supplies the goods to Europe and the CIS countries.
Cellulose chips as a by-product are obtained in sawmills – in the production process. Cellulose chips are mainly used for pulp production. Pulp chips are mainly exported, because there is no pulp factory in Latvia. Local competition for this product is limited, so companies are dependent on demand from producers in other countries.
ACA Timber has partnered with a number of pulp mills in Europe with whom we have established and strengthened our collaboration over the years. ACA Timber supplies its customers with high quality cellulose chips from several Latvian manufacturers.
Fuel chips are mainly produced from forest felling residues – branches. Firewood has become more popular as a renewable source of heating, therefore competition of these products has increased. Fuel chips are mainly used by energy producers, pellets, slabs, and other product manufacturers.
ACA Timber has successfully become a competitive player in the market, gaining the trust of several customers for the supply of high-quality and stable fuel chips. ACA Timber serves customers both abroad and in local boilers. ACA Timber has several woodchip fields in Kurzeme and Vidzeme, where stable volumes are ensured throughout the year.
Chip quality requirements can be obtained by contacting us via phone or by email.
The bark as a by-product is obtained by sawmills – in the production process. The sawmills peel the logs before processing the timber, thus obtaining the bark, which is then sold as a by-product.
The bark is mainly used for soil feeding – in horticulture and crop production. Bark is a relatively cheaper product, but it is being used more and more because it is very practical. It is one of the most commonly used materials for mulching plants. Pine bark absorbs heat, so the root system does not feel cold and does not freeze during the harsh winter months.
ACA Timber mainly exports bark to other European countries, where it is used in horticulture and crop production. Other European countries appreciate and like the high quality of Latvian bark and the professional operation of ACA Timber.
Saw dust are one of the least valuable wood products. This product is also obtained in sawmills as a by-product. Saw dust are mainly divided into two types – sawdust and shavings. Companies that buy sawdust and shavings determine the parameters (moisture, ash content, fraction size, permissible impurities, etc.) according to the technology used in their production.
The use of saw dust is very limited and the price trends are also different. The main products made from saw dust are pellets and briquettes. Demand for shavings has increased in recent years as global pellet consumption has increased.
Pellets are produced by pressing saw dust. The result is a cylindrical Pellet 4-10 mm in diameter and 12-30 mm long. Under high pressure and temperature, lignin is released from the wood, which is a natural binder and contains a set of pellet that prevent it from breaking down.
Before pressing the pellets, the required raw material is dried and crushed. 7 to 10 m3 of saw dust are needed to produce 1 m3 of pellets.
Particleboard pellets must be dry (up to 10% moisture), free of chemical impurities.